31st March 2016
Nestled in an historic Christian village in Northern Iraq’s mountains sit homes that once accommodated visitors intent on enjoying cooler temperatures and rugged scenery. The area was even a favourite of Saddam Hussein—the ruins of one of his castles top a local hill. Those quieter days are long gone now, ending even before the war that toppled the dictator in 2003.
However, the rise of the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) has brought unexpected new visitors here. As ISIS violently entered the region, village residents welcomed fellow Iraqis fleeing the group’s terrors. Those once-abandoned tourist houses are today teeming with life.
Along a gravel road just above those tourist homes where displaced families now find refuge, there are three small caravans and two tents. These units make up the Samaritan’s Purse Child-Friendly Learning Space (CFLS) designed to teach first- through fourth-grade children (ages 6-12) who have undergone terrible trauma.
With a student population of 142 split between morning and afternoon sessions, the children study Kurdish, Arabic, English, and math, as well as Bible stories, art, music, recreation, and a basic skills class. Class sizes range from 10 to 15 students compared to government school classes of 45 on average.
Inside one of the 10-by-16 foot caravans, a dozen 6- to 7-year-old students gather in a tight circle of small red and green plastic chairs for their Bible stories class. As their teacher reads the story, they follow along in their books complete with colour pictures. Then the students take turns retelling the story in their own words and the class claps after each student’s story. At the end of class, they all join hands to pray—their teacher leading and the students repeating after her in unison.
During the basic skills class, on the other hand, the students clean their desks and chairs and learn about picking up trash around their homes in the village. They also study hygiene. When there was a cholera outbreak in Iraq last autumn, teachers educated students on prevention.
“Hope Started for Us”
An eight-year-old boy named Akram said, “Everything in the school is very good. I like the music lessons.” Since studying with Samaritan’s Purse, Akram learned to play the tambur, a Turkish stringed instrument.
Noora, a 13-year-old girl, is happy to be studying because while many of the people in her family cannot read and write, now she can. “When the caravans came, it was like hope started for us,” she said.
She also remembers, “When ISIS came, we just ran away. We didn’t think we’d see our family again.”
Her 14-year-old friend Shad agrees, “They killed people and destroyed homes.” Reflecting on the Samaritan’s Purse school, she said, “It helps me forget about what’s happened to us. I was afraid of shouting before, but because of the school, it’s helped me forget about ISIS.”
Kasim, our child-friendly learning space site manager who is also an internally displaced person (IDP), concurred as he spoke of the students. “They feel safe here. They don’t need to be afraid.”
“They really need to have fun now,” said another staff member. “Their fathers and brothers are with the Peshmerga [the Kurdish military units fighting IS].”
This Is Family
Our CFLS teachers receive training to help them understand the trauma the children have experienced and how to be sensitive to this as they teach.
“We’re given a different vision of teaching,” Kasim said. The staff sees the children as more than students. When Kasim spoke of their enrollment, he said: “My daughters total 83, and my boys, 59. This is my family.”
In September 2015, just five months after the school began, Samaritan’s Purse hosted its first graduation for 50 of the students who were leaving the school because of their age. During the ceremony, every age group in the school performed – from poetry to live art creation – that they had learned in their classes. The students also sang songs about their homeland as they celebrated with graduation hats and cake. They enjoyed adding good memories to so many of their bad ones about the flight from ISIS.
When the IDPs arrived in this community, the welcome they received from the church blessed them. Kasim said, “I want to say thank you to Jesus because He taught me this way of helping people.”
Samaritan’s Purse continues to extend hope to these Iraqis as the staff serve in Jesus’ Name. At the beginning of many of the classes, the children recite a poem in which they declare, “We are the sons of peace.” Despite the war they have experienced, this is possible as they encounter the Prince of Peace at this Child-Friendly Learning Space.
(Names have been changed for security reasons)